Seminole Florida Music
In the 1970 "s, the Indian Claims Commission jointly awarded the Seminoles of Oklahoma and Florida land that was taken from them by the US military. The Seminoles of Floridado are only one of 300 Indians who escaped capture by the US Army in the 19th century. Their story begins with a group of Creek Indians from Georgia and Alabama who emigrated to Florida in 1700.
The leader who sang and described the corn dance is a member of the Seminole Tribe of Florida and founder of the Seminoles of Floridado. He made a trip in February and visited and photographed five camps after his first visit in March 1931. His second visit, which began in November 1931, lasted until March of the following year, when he also visited the camp of one of their most famous leaders. A third trip was made in October 1931, with the song recorded in Brighton, Florida, and a third visit a year later.
In the morning of the corn dance, the medicine man began a fast that lasted until the next morning. He told the group that the leader had been fasting all day before the ceremony, which opened with the buffalo dance. After the bundles were closed, men and women danced together to a "buffalo dance" that lasted about ten minutes and comprised only four songs.
The leader sang the song once, then his helpers sang it to him, and everyone joined in to dance in a circle. In a song dance, they had to have a small hand drum on one head and a drum on the other, which is normally swung over one shoulder. They behaved as if it were just an accompaniment to their song, but when they carried the drum, they were led by two men, followed by the two women, with the couples taking turns in this way.
This custom differed from the Korn Dance in that people did not only join the leader and his helpers. This was the Seminole's only tribal meeting, but certain dances were occasionally performed by the Cypress Swamp and Cow Creek groups.
The grain dance was an offence for which the offender's family was not brought to justice or punished. Those who wanted to dance at the corn dance or other seminary meetings could only do so after the people had gathered for it. The dance lasts four to eight days, during which people can stay together, and after their dissolution they dance until the morning.
In the early evening of the day, the sacred bundle is opened and the contents presented to the public for about ten minutes. The Lady is allowed to see the contents of the bundle that has spread before her, like a sacred object wrapped in white deerskin.
In front of her is a fire and a kettle of medicines, and rattles are attached to her legs and knees. There are people who move and women who participate in the corn and stomp dance, as well as dancing and singing.
The corn dance is held when the corn is ripe and everyone can come together and dance. The societies held in the time of the corn and hunting dances are generally connected with birds and animals and are very old.
They live in open palm trees - thatched dwellings known as chickens - and celebrate the turn of the year like their ancestors did more than two centuries ago. They still wear clothes that are a development of their traditional style, and visit schools and festivals across the state to perform traditional dances and music to share their story with non-Indians. Tourism and bingo profits pay for infrastructure and schools on their reservation, while citrus and cattle have replaced their primary sources of income. Although these people survived the first half of the twentieth century through agriculture and the sale of crafts, they see that the organization would be a positive step in a constitutional form of government.
So on July 21, 1957, the tribal members voted for the Seminole Constitution, which established the state-recognized Seminoles Tribe of Florida. Native American tribes began to organize and draft their own charter, and in the late 1950 "s developed federal laws that allowed them to act as if they were within the state government.
After defeating the US in an early battle in the Second Seminole War, the United States captured the Seminoles "leader, Osceola, on October 20, 1858, when US troops declared that they wanted an armistice through peace talks. After triggering another war (the "Second Seminole War") in 1859 and another in 1864 (the "First Seminole War"), the US was proclaimed by the Soviet Union and the Soviet Union. The government tried to move some of them to Oklahoma, but more than 2,000 lived in a state about 30 miles north of the capital, Oklahoma City. They returned to Florida on May 8, 1858, when the United States declared the conflict (and a third war) with the Seminoles over, and left Oklahoma.